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Bass Stereoscopic Photography Collection

  • 2018.09
  • Collectie
  • [ca. 1850 - ca. 1996]

The collection contains stereoscopic photographs, viewers, and cameras, collected by the donors between the 1970's and the 1990's and dating from the 1850's to the 1990's. Material includes a variety of viewers, cameras, photographs, and ephemera relating to three-dimensional photography.

Stereoscope Viewers

Series contains stereoscopic viewers, photographic images, and emphera. This includes a wide range of stereoscopes and three-dimensional viewers. Stereoscopes are devices used to view two mounted identical images as a single three-dimensional photograph commonly referred to as stereographs or stereoviews.

The first lens-based, portable stereoscopes were invented by Sir David Brewster in 1849 and presented at Crystal Palace during the London Great Exhibition between 1850 to 1851. Until a decade later when Oliver Wendell Holmes' adaptation of the Brewster stereoscope became the model for all later editions of stereoviewers during the 19th century. Holmes left his invention unpatented. This allowed other manufactures such as H.C. White, Underwood & Underwood and Keystone Viewing Company to mimic his design and increase production of stereoscopes and stereoviews. Ultimately, Holmes' decision would increase production and purchase of his invention.

Stereoscopes and stereo ephemera were meant for educational and entertainment purposes. Designs ranged from various materials like wood and aluminium, stereoscopes also had a large array of shapes and sizes from hand held to table top.

Following the 20th century, three-dimensional viewers became extremely popular. Some major manufactures such as GAF, Sawyer's View-Master and Tru-View produced iconic viewers made from metal, bakelite and other plastics. Originally, viewers and viewer emphera were developed for educational purposes but eventually became marketed as children's entertainment. Unlike stereoscopic viewers that could only look at single card stereoviews, three-dimensional viewers typically rotated black and white or colour transparency reels or multiview cards. Many original companies such as Sawyer's and GAF merged together but maintained the "View-Master" name. In 1989, the view-master brand was sold to Tycho until 1997 when Mattel and Tyco joined together. Now, view-masters are produced under the Fisher-Price title. View-masters were made from various materials and sizes. Some editions included built-in back lighting and sound recordings.

Ultimate stickers (Star bright design)

Item contains anaglyph three-dimensional set of viewing glasses and six three-dimensional viewing stickers, manufactured by Star Bright Design. This item was designed and marketed as a novelty child's toy. The anaglyph three-dimensional effect is caused by using two different coloured filters, typically red and cyan, on lenses. The viewing stickers have the same two colours added to the image, however, the subjects of the stickers are captured at slightly different perspectives. Once viewed through the glasses, the images superimpose onto each other creating a three dimensional image.

Sawyer's 3D view master

Item is a handheld view master manufactured by Swayer's Inc first introduced at the New York World Fair (1939-1940). Reel has 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies of Hollywood, California landmarks. The lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. Originally this item was meant as an educational tool for adults but quickly became a popular children's toy. Item is made of plastic and metal. Reels are interchangeable and come with a variety of themes.

View-Master

Item is a handheld view master manufactured by Swayer's Inc and first introduced at the New York World Fair (1939-1940). Item is made of plastic and metal. Reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies of famous landmarks in British Columbia, Canada. The lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. Reels are interchangeable and come with a variety of themes.

GAF View-Master

Item is a handheld plastic view master containing a reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies of Old Covered Bridges, New England. It was manufactured by GAF, Corporation in Portland, Oregon, USA. The lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. Item is made of plastic and metal. Reels are interchangeable and come with a variety of themes.

Electric view master stereoscope (model D)

Item is a brown handheld electric view master first manufactured by Swayer's Inc and first introduced at the New York World Fair (1939-1940). Once pressed down the lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. Unlike previous view masters, this view master comes with a built in back light attached to an electrical cord. Once turned on the back light illuminates transparencies on view. Item is made of plastic and metal. Reel has 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies of The Atlas of Human Anatomy, Head and Neck.

Pontioscope viewer

This item is an optical instrument designed to create larger three-dimensional experiences from a two-dimensional photograph. Item is made of wood and has two sets of lenses made to enlarge images. Lenses also create different effects: "day effect" caused by reflected light, and a"night effect" created from a transparency with light shining through it. Item folds down onto itself. The pontioscope was one of many optical instruments designed by Carlo Ponti (1823-1893). Ponti also made and distributed stereoviews of Italian cities and reproductions of art. In 1866, Ponti became the official photographer to the king of Italy. Eventually opening other branches throughout Europe, America and Canada. In 1868, a legal battle began between Carlo Naya and Carlo Ponti over the rights to Ponti’s inventions. Naya had worked with Ponti from 1857 onwards developing pictures under his trademark,however, in 1868 Naya began selling imitations of Ponti’s inventions. In 1876, Ponti attempted to get back the sole rights to his invention but was unsuccessful.

Ponti, Carlo

Stereoscopic views boxset

This item is a wooden stereoscopic box set with hand held viewer. Viewer is able to fold on top of itself and is made of wood and leather. Box has 45 stereoscopic slides made from various publishing studios such as Kilburn and Underwood & Underwood. This box contains two dividers to keep stereocards stored in. Interior lid of box has inscription "Benny N Roadhouse, Garwick, July 1891." This object was used to view two identical images, or stereographs, as one three-dimensional photograph.

View-Master 3D gift set

This item is a red view master manufactured by Tycho as a child's toy in the 1994. Item contains 3 reels of 16 mm colour three-dimensional transparencies. Each reel shows 7 diametrical pairs of Bugs Bunny touring Australia.

View-Master stereoscope (model M)

This item is a plastic blue viewer kept in original plastic sealed packaging. Item contains on one reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies depicting children's cartoon shows. On the side of the object is a yellow push down leaver. Lever is designed to rotate reel.

Red bubble shaped stereoscopic View-Master

This item is a red bubble shaped view master used as a child's toy. This object has one reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies showing famous Americans from the early 20th century. Including John D. Rockafeller and President Theodore Roosevelt. The push down lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time.

Revolving stereoscope viewer (Alex Beckers)

Item is a mahogany table top viewer adorned with doric style pillars. Item has two binocular style viewers on opposing ends. The optical rear eyepiece allows for back to back slide mountings. Inside the object is a revolving metal belt that can be turned by the circular handle on the outside of the viewer. The revolving belt can hold a minimum of 30 stereographs. Within the viewer are 10 stereographs made of glass, tissue and paper with themes ranging from landmarks, landscapes, portraits, and interior decor. Written on item: Alex Beckers New York Patent April 7 1857; March 1 & 29 1859; April 12 1859; Dec. 12 1859.

Polyorama style stereoscope viewer with stand (Murray and Heath)

Item is a wooden polyorama style stereoscope with a detachable brass stand made to be a handheld stereoscope or standing stereoscope. There is a glass stereograph of a park view inside the stereoscope. Item comes with 3 prize ribbons for "Best in Category" at the National Stereoscopic Association Photography Shows. Lenses in viewer slide out to the side for cleaning, Reflecting lid is fitted with a convex mrror. Written on base of stand: 34 Picadilly London Registered Feb 1858

Revolving stereoscope viewer (A. Mattey)

Item is a wooden tabletop stereoscope with binocular viewer made with 50 built in glass stereographs of landscapes from Quebec and Montreal, factories and vernacular photography. Top of the stereoscope can open for additional light. Inside the object is a revolving metal belt (patented by Alexander Beckers) holding the stereographs that can be turned by the circular handles on the outside of the viewer.

Written on object: 76/Unis-France Stereoscopes Mattey-Paris/3.

Sculptscope viewer (Whiting)

This item is a large metal circular shaped stereoscope with glass flower designs on the sides. This coin operated stereoscope activates a mechanism that turns a metal belt containing built in stereographs. Richard R. Whiting formed the American Novelty Company in Cincinnati, Ohio. Whiting developed and sold stereoscopes from the 1880s till the mid-1900s. He manufactured the sculptoscope in 1925. The sculptoscope was commonly seen in arcades and cigar shops. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the card holder then users would look through the lenses hood which would overlap the two images to mimic a three-dimensional effect. The sculptoscope uses a simple trigger for actuation. The counterweight cylindrical foot in front the viewer holds it in a comfortable viewing position and acts as a coin box. The top of the viewer has a plain glass window to illuminate the stereoviews and allow the user to look at the back of the previous card. A penny releases a set of 15 views to be show.

Patent # 1, 436, 742 (November 28, 1922).

Whiting, Richard R.

Kodaslide stereo viewer I

Item is a plastic and metal stereo viewer used to observe reels of Kodak colour three-dimensional transparencies. Knob on the side switches transparencies.

Written on box: "Focus and interocular adjustments, takes all standard stereo mounts, operates anywhere-converts to 110-volt"

View master gift-pak (Sawyer's)

This item is a view master gift-pak. The brown view master is made of plastic and metal with a small lever on the right side. When pushed down the lever rotates the reel inside. There are 7 separate Kodafilm reels of 16 mm transparencies depicting landscapes and landmarks throughout North American. Item comes in original box with a catalogue of optional View Master reels.

Sawyer's lighted view master (model F)

Item is a brown Sawyer's View-Master with a internal light meant to illuminate the backs of transparencies. Item comes with 1reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies showing famous global landmarks and world events. White push down lever on the right side rotates reel to next slide.

Stereo-rama viewer

Item is a grey plastic View Master manufactured by Stereo-Rama. On top of item is a slot filled by a GAF view master reel. Reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies depicting famous landmarks and vernacular photographs. Item comes in original black and yellow checker patterned box. Black push down lever on the right rotates reels to next slide. Written on object : Technofilm Milan, Made in Italy.

Red and white view master (GAF)

Item is a red and white view master with a blue lever on the right side designed to switch transparencies on the reel. Item comes with one GAF reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies depicting a episode from the TV show "Happy Days." Reels are interchangeable. Written on object: Made in USA GAF corporation Portland, Oregon T.M.REG. US.Pat.OFF. MARC REG.-MARQUE DEPOSEE

Revolving stereoscope viewer (J.W. Cadwell)

Item is a wooden tabletop revolving stereoscope. Handles on sides of the object turn a internal central axle built to rotate stereographs. Stereograph slots come with a clip that holds two stereographs back to back. Double viewer is hooded to control additional light and moves to adjust view.

Cadwell, J.W.

Sawyer's View-Master (model B)

Item is a circular brown plastic view master with binocular shape viewer. Item comes with one reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies of Niagara Falls, New York. Item opens and closes with lock at the top. Lever is designed to rotate transparencies.

Talking View-Master electronic 3D viewer (view-master)

Item is a grey electronic three-dimensional talking view master. This object comes in its original box with its original instructions. Item takes 4 double A batteries. When reel is inserted, a beep sound plays until the reel is aligned with the first picture. Once the beeping stops, the soundtrack begins and notifies the user when to advance to the next image. Item comes with a cartridge release button on the top right corner, a red lever to switch the image on the top left corner, volume control, earphone jack, AC adaptor plug in and battery cover. Written on box: Operates on four AA batteries, linear tracking tone arm, self-cleaning sapphire needle, constant speed controlled monitor, authentic reproduction of voices and music, brilliant 3-D pictures synchronised with original movie and TV sound tracks.

Micky mouse view master 3-D

Item is a plastic view master manufactured by View-Master and built in the shape of Disney character Mickey Mouse. Item is in original packaging and comes with promotional l three-dimensional reel of colour Disney scenes featuring Mickey Mouse and friends. Push down lever on the right is used to rotate reel. Reels are interchangeable. Item is designed as a child’s toy.

Polyorama style stereoscope viewer (unknown)

Item is a wooden polyorama style stereoscope and comes with a glass stereograph depicting a group of people standing in front of Niagara Falls. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. First, the stereograph is placed in the card holder. Next the user would look through the opposing lenses. This would create the effect of merging both images to mimic a three-dimensional single image. The viewer comes with a flap designed to distribute more light into the viewer and glass front.

Written on stereograph : Point of View-Summer. No 29, James Thomas, Niagara Falls.

Airequipt stereo theatre viewer

This item is a grey and red metal personal viewer with a built in light source to illuminate backs of colour transparencies. Viewer can be adjusted by either knob on the sides or top. The push leaver on the side rotates the images within the reel.

View-Master model A (Sawyer's)

Item is a handheld plastic view master manufactured by Swayer's Inc. This 3D viewer was first introduced at the New York World Fair (1939-1940).Reel of 16 mm colour transparencies of 7 diametrical pairs depicting Victoria Falls, Southern Rhodesia, Africa. The lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. Originally this item was meant as an educational tool for adults but quickly became a popular children's toy. Item is made of plastic and metal. Reels are interchangeable and come with a variety of themes.

Written on object : Swayer's view master Portland Ore. U.S. pat.2, 189, 255 Foreign Pats Appl'd For Made in USA

Revolving stereoscope viewer (J.W. Cadwell)

This item is a revolving stereoscope in the shape of an orb. Item comes in a circle wooden case, two knobs that switch stereographs and a metal belt designed to hold stereographs. Wooden viewer is adjustable to user's vision. This item was intended to be a parlour ornament and contains 122 stereographs of landscapes, portraits and landmarks all sized 8 by 12 inches. Inside cover is a label explaining how to use this stereoscope from manufacturer.

Sesame street Big Bird view master

Item is a plastic view master manufactured by TYCO Industries and built in the shape of Sesame Street character Big Bird. The 3D viewer is in original packaging and comes with a reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies depicting Sesame Street scenes featuring Big Bird and friends. Orange push down lever on the right is used to switch reel image. Reels are interchangeable.

Hand held stereoscope viewer set with stereographs (Underwood & Underwood)

Item is a stereoscope set that comes with a black case, wooden handheld Holmes style stereoscope, and 66 silver gelatin print stereograph cards depicting various landscapes, portraits, cultures and landmarks. This object was used for education and entertainment.

This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the sliding card holder and adjusted to fit the user's vision until the two images overlap to mimic a three-dimensional effect. Object also comes with a hand written note by previous owner explaining the provenance of the item. Box contains dividers to house stereographs and is lined with a grey velvet. The stereoscope has a aluminium hood engraved with a floral design on the top. Velvet lines the edges of the viewer’s hood and the handle is able to fall back onto the viewer.

Tru-Vue viewer box set (Tru-Vue company)

Item is a brown plastic 3D viewer built with a push-down lever between the lenses. The lever is designed to rotate a reel containing three-dimensional black and white 35 mm acetate film manufactured by Tru-Vue Company. Images are inserted through the slot on the left side of the lenses. Item comes with square plastic windows to illuminate backs of transparencies on view. Once the film is circulated, it rewinds itself on the right hand side of the viewer. Item comes in original box with 6 original films depicting the Golden Gate Exposition and San Francisco’s major landmarks. Item also comes with original pink catalogue explaining how to use the Tru-Vue and how to order new film, as well as a business card for True-Vue Inc, that is also an order form. Written on object : Tru-View Rock Island, Ill. U S PAT. 90564 Made in U.S.A. Written on box : Tru-Vue Ins. Pictures With Depth Rock Island Illinois Printed And Made In U.S.A.

Talking View-Master gift pack (GAF)

Item is a grey Talking View Master manufactured by GAF Corporation. 3D viewer comes with 7 reels of three-dimensional colour transparencies attached to 7 plastic soundtracks narrating the scenes. Reel themes range from famous landmarks to popular cartoon episodes. Item uses two "C" batteries that can be inserted into the bottom compartment of the view master. Reel is inserted on top of the object into the slot between the two lenses. Reel must be placed in with the "V" mark up and sound recording facing away from the user. Push down lever on the side of the object rotates the reel to the next image. When narration stops, the user must push down on the sound located of the object. Once pressed down and released will the prerecorded track change to the next. Item comes with original instructions, 2 ordering catalogues for new reels, and box. Instructions are also available on top of the object.

View-master stereoscope (Sawyer's)

Item is a handheld View-Master manufactured by Swayer's Inc and first introduced at the New York World Fair (1939-1940). The 3D viewer is made of plastic and metal. Reel shows 7 diametrical, 16 mm kodachrome transparencies of famous global landmarks. The push-down lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time. Reels are interchangeable and come with a variety of themes often ordered through a View-Master catalogue.

Sawyer's Inc.

Tru-Vue viewer box set (Tru-Vue company)

Item is a brown plastic 3D viewer built with a push-down lever between the lenses. The lever is designed to rotate a reel containing three-dimensional black and white 35 mm acetate film manufactured by Tru-Vue Company. Images are inserted through the slot on the left side of the lenses. Item comes with square plastic windows to illuminate backs of transparencies on view. Once the film is circulated, it rewinds itself on the right-hand side of the viewer. Item comes in original box with 4 original films depicting the Grand Canyon's major landmarks.

Written on object : Tru-View Rock Island, Ill. U S PAT. 90564 Made in U.S.A. Written on box : Fifty-Six Scenes Of The Grand Canyon Of Arizona In Three Dimensional Photography.

Polyorama stereoscopic viewer (unknown)

This item is a handheld stereoscope made of wood and brass. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the card holder, next binocular like lenses can be twisted until adjusted to the user's vision. This merges the two images to mimic a three-dimensional effect. A hood on the top of viewer is designed to allow light to illuminate stereograph. Object comes with one glass plate stereograph of Windsor Castle, England.

Magical stereoscope (unknown)

Item is a handheld stereoscope made from wood, plastic and cardbaord. Item was originally designed as a child's toy. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the card holder merging the two images to mimic a three-dimensional effect. Stereoscope comes with 12 paper black and white stereographs of animals at the zoo. Written on object : Magical Stereoscope.

Wooden stereoscope with binocular lenses (JCA Dresden)

This item is a handheld stereoscope with binocular lenses made from wood and brass. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. First, the stereograph would be placed in the sliding card holder, next the holder would be adjusted with the turning knob on the right. This would merge the two images together until they mimic a three-dimensional effect. Object comes with one glass plate stereograph of 3 soldiers and 2 women dressed in Victorian clothing smiling while walking on a bridge in front of a hill.

The pocket rotoscope stereoscope

Item is a novelty compact collapsible tinplate stereoscope given as a premium from cigarette brands. The cover of the object is built in the shape of a small book. It is detailed with green, gold and yellow floral designs. Once item is unlocked, a viewer with small lenses pops out parallel to a small folding card holder. The lenses slide in and out horizontally and the built in round topped frame move back and forth. Object was built like this to allow the user to focus. Stereoviews are 40 mm. Viewing lenses are 60 mm in focal length. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the card holder and adjusted to fit the user's vision until the two images overlap to mimic a three-dimensional effect.This stereoscope comes with 12 black and white silver gelatin stereographs of Victorian Celebrities.

Written on object : The Pocket Rotoscope The Rotary Photographic Co. Lo. 12 New Union St. London, E.C. Works, West Drayton, Midd With 12 Real Photographic Stereograms Views, Staturary, Celebrities, Children, Comic Scenes, Etc. Patented Ro. No. 442.342.

Wooden stereoscope with binocular lenses (Universal)

This item is a handheld stereoscope with binocular lenses made from wood and brass. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. First, the stereograph would be placed in the sliding card holder, next the two images would merge together to mimic a three-dimensional photograph. Object comes with one 35 mm black and white film transparency of doctors and nurses assisting injured people off a Red Cross train at a train station.

Whiting's magic photo album stereoscope

Item is a stamped metal viewer. This object can collapse into a flat tin box. Inside object contains various themes of 12 standard sized hand coloured stereograph cards. Some examples include colonialist representations of non-European cultures, scenic poems, landscapes, religious iconology and World Fair Events. Object can be used as a photo album and a tabletop stereoscope.

Written on object: Whitting's Magic Photo Album Educator.

Wooden stereoscope with binocular lenses

This item is a handheld stereoscope with binocular lenses made from wood and plastic. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. First, the stereograph would be placed in the sliding card holder. Once viewed through the viewer the two images would merge together to mimic a three-dimensional photograph. Object comes with one glass plate stereograph of a smiling woman holding a purse while rowing a boat in a river.

Cardboard stereoscope with binocular lenses (unknown)

This item is a handheld stereoscope with binocular lenses made from cardboard. The body of the stereoscope is able to extend. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would first be placed in the sliding card holder. Once viewed through the viewer the two images would merge together to mimic a three-dimensional photograph. Object comes with one glass plate stereograph of a elaborately designed baroque room.

La StereoCarte stereoscope

This item is a red collapsible cardboard box stereoscope. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the card holder and viewed through the lenses until the two images would overlap to mimic a three-dimensional photograph. A silver brand is stamped in the top left corner of the box. Object comes with two lithographic stereoscopic postage cards of street life in Paris, French from the early 20th century. Images depict famous french landmarks and people walking amongst traffic.

Written on top of box : La Stereo Carte Brevetee S.G.D.G. Nousvelles Vues Stereoscopiques Avec Leur Stereoscope A Foyer Variable.

Polyorama stereoscopic viewer (unknown)

This item is a handheld stereoscope made of wood and plastic. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the card holder, next binocular like lenses would be adjusted with a knob to fit the user's vision. This merges the two images together mimic a three-dimensional effect. A flap hood on the top of viewer is designed to allow light to illuminate stereograph. The hood comes with a mirror. Object comes with one glass plate stereograph of men and women in Victorian clothing sightseeing at a waterfall edge.

Tin stereoscope viewer (De Jong)

Item is a compact green tin stereoscope viewer adorned with a gold leaf and painted floral design. Item is collapsible. Manufacture's brand is stamped between viewer lenses. Item comes with two silver gelatin stereoscopes from the Pocket Rotoscope a different manufacture of stereoscope viewers and stereographs. Images show portraits of celebrity women from the 20th century. Both women wear Victorian style costumes. Dutch text written on object suggests that item was a promotional stereoscope for a Chocolate and Cocoa company. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the sliding card holder and adjusted to fit the user's vision until the two images overlap to mimic a three-dimensional effect.

Brown and white tin hand held stereoscopic viewer

Item is a compact, collapsible brown and white tin hand held viewer. Item comes with 50 lithographic stereograph cards of wild and domesticated animals. The first three cards in the collection are a table of contents explaining imagery in stereographs. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the sliding card holder and adjusted to fit the user's vision until the two images overlap to mimic a three-dimensional effect.

Series 53 boxset: midnight sun north-cape and the norwegian fjords

Item is a stereoscopic box set and comes with one collapsible black hoodless stereoscope and 53 silver gelatin stereographs of Midnight Sun North-Cape and The Norwegian Fjords. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the sliding card holder and adjusted to fit the user's vision until the two images overlap to mimic a three-dimensional effect. Associated with the Stella Polaris cruising ship. Written on object: Original Indupor Patent Made In Germany.

Stereo-phot stereoscopic viewer

This item is a handheld stereoscope made of wood and plastic. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the card holder, next binocular like lenses would be adjusted with a knob to fit the user's vision. This merges the two images together mimicing a three-dimensional effect. Body of viewer imitates a polyorama stereoscope. Item comes with one colour transparency stereograph of a Marina filled with yachts.

Written on stereograph : Shelter Island Marina - August 1992

Holmes nickle and velvet stereoscopic viewer (unknown)

This item is a Holmes style nickle stereoscope with purple velvet covering the viewer, seated on a pedestal. The body of the item is adorned with floral engravings. Item is compact and collapsible. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the sliding card holder and adjusted to fit the user's vision until the two images overlap to mimic a three-dimensional effect. Item is able to detach from base and become handheld or remain a tabletop viewer. The silver gelatin stereograph that accompanies this object is of an ancient Egyptian temple produced ca. 1904 by Underwood & Underwood Publishers. Image comes with an explanation about the monument.

World War 2 recovery centre and family photography album with stereoscopic viewer

Item is a cardboard boxed filled with 54 stereoscopic images. Item comes with one handheld, compact, metal accordion fold black stereoscope. This object was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the sliding card holder and adjusted to fit the user's vision until the two images overlap to mimic a three-dimensional effect. Images are vernacular photographs sent to A.P. Manners Ltd. to develop, print, and then return images to photographers. Written by previous owners on a small yellow post-it-note : recoverying from W.W. II English Military Sectary.

Written on box : A.P. Manners Ltd. Finest Quality Developing, Printing, Enlarging and 35 mm Process In Services Photographic and Cine Specialists, 11 Westover Road, Bournemouth.

Multi-Vue stereoscopic viewer kit

This item is a promotional stereoscopic kit given out by Chevrolet General Motors photography to display interiors and exteriors of their new car line. Each image is titled with the car name. The 3D viewer is black and made from metal and plastic. The viewer comes with a built-in light that requires C batteries. Stereoscopic cards are placed through the slot in the bottom of the stereoscope, next the image would be viewed through the viewer. Lens can be adjusted by the metal knobs on the side to correct vision. A push-down button on the body of the viewer turns on a small internal light bulb which brightens the stereoscopic transparencies. This makes the image easier to see. Box of kit is made from cardboard and leather with snap buttons to open and close. Slots within the box divide and house viewer and stereographs.

GAF red and white view-master (Model G)

Item is a handheld red and white plastic View-Master containing a promotional reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies sold through GAF. The 3D viewer was manufactured by GAF Corporation in Portland, Oregon, USA. The lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. Item is made of plastic and metal. Reels are interchangeable. In 1939, General Aniline & Film Corporation (GAF) merged with Agfa-Ansco, finally operating under Anitec until 1998. Item comes in original packaging. Written on object : GAF (Canada) Ltd. 70 Alexdon Rd. Drownsview On.

Stori viewer stereoscopic viewer

Item is a brown binocular style plastic stereoscopic viewer accompanied by a colour transparency card depicting Llamas from South America. The 3D viewer was used to view two nearly identical photographs, or stereographs, as one three dimensional image. The stereograph would be placed in the card holder then viewed through the lens. The binocular effect would cause the two images to overlap and mimic a three-dimensional effect. Written on the card is are llama facts. This card is apart of a Zoo themed series.

View-Master Lighted 3D

Item is a handheld red plastic View-Master. The 3D viewer includes one a reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies depicting promotional themed images of famous popular culture and cartoon characters. Reels for View-Master were sold through Tycho Industries, Inc. Reels were manufactured by Tycho Industries Inc. in Portland, Oregon, USA. Whereas, the View-Master was manufactured in New Jersey, USA. The yellow lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. First, reels are inserted through the top of the viewer. Next, user would look through binocular eye holes to see a three dimensional image. View-Master can be used with ambient light or by bulb. Bulb is powered by 2 ‘AA’ batteries that are fit into a compartment beneath the viewer. A yellow push down button on the front of the viewer controls bulb. Written on object : View-Master Lighted 3D

Sawyer's View-Master Stereo Viewer (model G)

Item is a beige plastic Model G View-Master manufactured by Sawyer's Inc. the 3D viewer includes original packaging, a GAF View-Master Stereo Viewer box nearly identical to the Sawyer's version of the viewer. The lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. First, reels are inserted through the top of the viewer. Next, user would look through binocular eye holes to see a three dimensional image. View-Master can be used with ambient light. This item comes with a promotional reel depicting different reel themes available for purchase through Sawyer's Inc. Reel is made of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies. In the mid-1960's Sawyer's was acquired as a subsidiary by GAF. This may explain why the packaging and object were nearly identical but branded differently.

Sawyer's View-Master Stereo Viewer (model C)

Item is a handheld plastic black Model C View-Master manufactured by Sawyer's Inc. from the mid-1940's to mid-1950's. This model was the first of its kind to have a slot for reels to be placed in for viewing. The metal lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. First, reels are inserted through the top of the viewer. Next, the user would look through binocular eye holes to see a three-dimensional image. View-Master can be used with ambient light. Later Model C editions came with an attachable bulb. The 3D viewer included a Royal Canadian Mountain Police sticker.

Written on object : Sawyer's View-Master Reg. U.S. Pat. Off. Can Pat.406893 Other Pat. Pend. U.S. Pat. 2189285. Brit. Pat. 538492. Made in U.S.A. Other Pat. Pend. Portland-Ore.

Stereoscopic view magic 3-D viewer

Item is a over/under print viewer manufactured by Viewmagic to view physical or digital born images as three-dimensional objects. The 3D viewer converts 4 x 6 inch prints, which is a not a suitable format size for stereoscopes, into functioning stereographic images. Prisms in the item direct right eye vision upwards and left eye vision down. By swaying forward and back the two images begin to fuse together to mimic a three-dimensional image. Item comes in original unopned package and instruction manuals. Written on object : View Magic Dimension Press Harvard. MA 10451-0083 Made in U.S.A.

Sawyer's view-master lighted stereoscopic viewer (Model H)

Item is a circular beige plastic Model H View-Master manufactured by Sawyer's Inc. The long advanced lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. First, reels are inserted through the top of the viewer. Next, user would look through binocular eye holes to see a three dimensional image. View-Master can be used with ambient light. In the mid-1960's Sawyer's was acquired as a subsidiary by GAF. Light bar is on the top of the viewer with battery compact on the bottom of the feet. Written on the object : Sawyer's View-Master Lighted Viewer

Sawyer's View-Master stereo viewer (model G)

Item is a beige plastic Model G View-Master manufactured by Sawyer's Inc. The lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. First, reels are inserted through the top of the viewer. Next, user would look through binocular eye holes to see a three-dimensional image. The 3D viewer can be used with ambient light. This item comes with a GAF reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies depicting a scene from A.B.C. show S.W.A.T. In the mid-1960's Sawyer's was acquired as a subsidiary by GAF. Written on the object: made in U.S.A. GAF Corporation Portland, Oregon T.M. Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.-Marca Reg.- Marque Deposee Belgium Pat. 493.128.

Sawyer's View-Master stereo viewer (model G)

Item is a red plastic Model G View-Master manufactured by Sawyer's Inc. The lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. First, reels are inserted through the top of the viewer. Next, the user would look through binocular eye holes to see a three-dimensional image. The 3D viewer can be used with ambient light. This item comes with a GAF reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies depicting a kitchen interior designs from ca. 1960. In the mid-1960's Sawyer's was acquired as a subsidiary by GAF. Written on object: made in Belgium T.M.REG. U.S. Pat. Off.- Marque Deposee Belgium Pat.493.128.

Sawyer's View Master 3D viewer (Model C)

Item is a handheld plastic black Model C View-Master 3D viewer manufactured by Sawyer's Inc. from the mid-1940's to mid-1950's. This model was the first of its kind to have a slot for reels to be placed in for viewing. The metal lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. First, reels are inserted through the top of the viewer. Next, user would look through binocular eye holes to see a three dimensional image. View-Master can be used with ambient light. The light attachment bulb came as a later edition for the View-Master Model C. Attachment was screwed onto viewer with push down red button that switches bulb on and off. Item also comes with 1 reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm black and white transparencies of World War 2 battle scenes.

Written on object : Sawyer's View-Master Reg.US.PAT.OFF. U.S. Pat. 2189.285. Can.PAT.406893 Brit.PAT.538492 Other PAT. PEND. Made in U.S.A. Portland-ORE.

Big Bird 3D camera viewer

Item is a blue plastic camera shaped three-dimensional viewer. The 3D viewer has a built-in reel of 7 diametrical, 16 mm colour transparencies of Sesame Street characters teaching the alphabet. Unlike traditional View-Masters, this reel cannot be removed. A small Big Bird with his own camera sits on top of the body of the viewer. This object was designed for children's entertainment and education. A orange push down button on the front of the camera is used to switch scenes. Written on the front of the camera is the Sesame Street Logo.

3D stereobox stereoscopic viewer

Item is a green plastic view master with original box packaging. Three-dimensional colour transparency reel depicts frontier puppets. Reels are interchangeable. Reels are inserted into the top of the view master and switched by the plastic push down lever on the side.

Sawyer's View-Master Stereo Viewer (model C)

Item is a handheld plastic black Model C View-Master manufactured by Sawyer's Inc. from the mid-1940's to mid-1950's. This model was the first of its kind to have a slot for reels to be placed in for viewing. The metal lever on the side of the viewer will rotate the reel one frame at a time once pressed. First, reels are inserted through the top of the viewer. Next, the user would look through binocular eye holes to see a three-dimensional image. View-Master can be used with ambient light. Later Model C editions came with an attachable bulb. The object comes with Royal Canadian Mountain Police sticker.

Written on object : Sawyer's View-Master Reg. U.S. Pat. Off. Can Pat.406893 Other Pat. Pend. U.S. Pat. 2189285. Brit. Pat. 538492. Made in U.S.A. Other Pat. Pend. Portland-Ore.

Tru-Vue viewer box set (Tru-Vue company)

Item is a brown plastic 3D viewer built with a push-down lever between the lenses. The lever is designed to rotate a reel containing three-dimensional black and white 35 mm acetate film manufactured by Tru-Vue Company. Images are inserted through the slot on the left side of the lenses. Item comes with square plastic windows to illuminate backs of transparencies on view. Once the film is circulated, it rewinds itself on the right hand side of the viewer. Item comes in original box with 4 original films depicting Pikes Peak Region and Depth Photography. Item also comes with instructions on how to use the Tru-Vue set and an additional business reply card with more instructions for the camera.

Keystone Ophthalmic Telebinocular Viewer

Item is an Ophthalmic Telebinocular Viewer manufactured by Keystone View Co., for use in optometry for vision testing. To be used with Keystone stereoscopic target slides. Item includes metal box, with two stereoscopic photographs of the Grand Canyon. Engraved on object: "Keystone View Co. Meadville. PA. USA. Patented No.1.703.787"

Stereographs, by subject

Series contains a wide range of stereoscopic photographs, often referred to as stereocards or stereographs. Depictions include a variety of people, places, and objects. In cases where items are part of a series, attempts have been made to arrange them together. Subject terms have been used to indicate contextual relationships.

Stereographs, Mining

File contains stereographs, depicting people working in the mining industry (miners, prospectors, mining camps and mines).

4 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers, in association with James M. Davis
1 Stereoscopic photograph by John Anderson Publishing Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Forsyth & Wilson
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Littleton View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Rose Stereographs
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Griffith & Griffith
2 Stereoscopic photographs by an unidentified publisher

Stereographs, Hunting

File consists of stereographs depicting\people engaged in hunting, along with hunting camps and game animals.

9 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
8 Stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers, 9 in association with James M. Davis
1 Stereoscopic photograph by J. F. Jarvis
1 Stereoscopic photograph by C. Bierstadt
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Webster & Albee
1 Stereoscopic photograph by C. B. Brubaker
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Universal View Co.
3 Stereoscopic photographs by an unidentified publisher

Stereographs, Fishing

File contains stereographs depicting people fishing and preparing fish using different methods.

5 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Canada View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Kilburn Brothers, in association with James M. Davis
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Underwood & Underwood
1 Stereoscopic photograph by International Stereoscopic View Co.
5 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

Stereographs, Specific Events

File contains stereographs depicting coronations, funerals, Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, the World Fair, visit of the Duke & Duchess of York and various exhibits and expositions.

29 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
10 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
13 Stereoscopic photographs by J. F. Jarvis
7 Stereoscopic photographs by Universal View Co.
9 Stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
8 Stereoscopic photographs by H. C. White Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Griffith & Griffith
6 Stereoscopic photographs by London Stereoscopic and Photographic Co.
52 Stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers, 60 in association with James M. Davis
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Excelsior Stereoscopic Tours
1 Stereoscopic photograph by E. W. Kelley Publishers
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Centennial Photographic Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by C. G. Cobban & Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by T. W. Ingersoll
19 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

Stereographs, Leisure

File contains a group of stereographs that depict scenes of people engaged in leisure and sporting events (swimming, bullfighting, circus).

5 Stereoscopic Photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
8 Stereoscopic Photographs by Underwood & Underwood
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by J. F. Jarvis
6 Stereoscopic Photographs by Keystone View Co.
2 Stereoscopic Photographs by Kilburn Brothers
5 Stereoscopic Photographs by H. C. White Co.
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by Carlyle
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by T. Eaton Co.
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by F. F. Doherty
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by Ingersoll View Co.
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by John A. Larrabee
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by Liberty Brand-Stereo Views
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by S. F. Adams
1 Stereoscopic photograph by W. Tylar
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Young People's Missionary Movement
26 Stereoscopic Photographs by unidentified publishers

Stereographs, Everyday Events

File consists of stereographs depicting everyday domestic events such as people eating, mending clothing, grooming, doing laundry.

8 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
6 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers, 6 in association with James M. Davis
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
1 Stereoscopic photograph by J. F. Jarvis
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Alexis Fay
1 Stereoscopic photograph by G. Sommer
1 Stereoscopic photograph by the Universal Photo Art Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Littleton View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Milllikin & Lawley
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Art Nouveau Stereograph
1 Stereoscopic photograph by J. A. French
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Griffith & Griffith
1 Stereoscopic photograph by M. Rosenblatt & Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by T. W. Ingersoll
20 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

Stereographs, Natural Occurrences and Disasters

File consists of stereographs depicting natural occurrences and disasters such as sunsets, waterfalls, earthquakes, snow, rocks, and fires.

2 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
5 Stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers, 2 in association with James M. Davis
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Littleton View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by G. Keller
1 Stereoscopic photograph by H. C. White Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph Union View Co.
13 Stereoscopic photographs by W. S. Smith
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Universal View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by W. S. Smith
38 Stereoscopic photographs by Unidentified publishers

Stereographs, War/Defence

File consists of stereographs depicting people engaged in conflict, weapons, soldiers, police, army supplies, and soldiers in camps.

28 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
29 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Kilburn Brothers, 16 in association with James M. Davis
2 Stereoscopic photographs by T. Eaton Co.
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Universal View Co.
3 Stereoscopic photographs by H. C. White Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Realistic Travels
4 Stereoscopic photographs by J. F. Jarvis
1 Stereoscopic photograph by J. G. Parks
1 Stereoscopic photograph by American Stereoscopic Company
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Griffith & Griffith
1 Stereoscopic photograph by J. H. Ford
1 Stereoscopic photograph by P. Madsen
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Strohmeyer & Wyman
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Toronto Stero View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Canada View Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by E. W. Kelley
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Roberts & Fellows
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Webster & Albee
1 Stereoscopic photograph by International Stereoscopic View Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by W. Tylar
3 Stereoscopic photographs by T. W. Ingersoll
30 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

Stereographs, Crime & Vice

File consists of stereographs depicting .people engaged in drinking alcohol, committing crimes/being arrested, smoking, cheating at cards etc.

1 Stereoscopic photograph by Kilburn Brothers, 3 in association with James M. Davis
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Universal Photo Art Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Universal View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by American and International Stereoscopic View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by American Stereoscopic Co.
9 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

Stereographs, General Recurring Events

File consists of stereographs depicting general events and reoccurring holidays such as Christmas, New Year's Thanksgiving, and Centennial Celebrations.

10 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
7 Stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers, in association with James M. Davis
5 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Whiting View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Littleton View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Griffith & Griffith
1 Stereoscopic photograph by H. C. White Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Geo. Barker
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Dominion Stereoscopic Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Chas. Pollock
1 Stereoscopic photograph by F. G. Weller
5 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

Risqué

Item contains stereocards with erotic themes such as people kissing, bathing, and revealing photographs.

2 Stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers, in association with James M. Davis
3 Stereoscopic photographs by International Stereoscopic View Co.
8 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

Animals

File contains stereographs depicting various animals such as cattle, lions, dogs, and cats.

28 Stereoscopic Photographs by Underwood & Underwood
3 Stereoscopic Photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
2 Stereoscopic Photographs by J. F. Jarvis
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by Littleton View Co.
18 Stereoscopic Photographs by Keystone View Co.
4 Stereoscopic Photographs by Kilburn Brothers, 9 in association with James M. Davis
3 Stereoscopic Photographs by Canada View Co.
2 Stereoscopic Photographs by W. B. Sherk
2 Stereoscopic Photographs by T. Eaton Co.
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by Dominion Stereoscopic Co.
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by J. J. Reilly
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by London Stereoscopic and Photographic Co.
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by H. C. White Co.
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by Alfred S. Campbell
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by London Stereoscopic Co.
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by M. E. Wright
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by Griffith & Griffith
3 Stereoscopic Photographs by James A. Hurst
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by F. G. Weller
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by Fay & Barney
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by American Stereoscopic Co.
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by Geo. Barker
4 Stereoscopic Photographs by R. Kearton Stereoscopic
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by E. Kay Robinson
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by R. Chislett
1 Stereoscopic Photograph by T. W. Ingersoll
34 Stereoscopic Photographs by unidentified publishers
1 series called "Elephants through the Stereoscope" by Underwood & Underwood

Stereographs, Science

File contains stereographs depicting various planets, maps and people studying.

2 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
3 Stereoscopic photograph by Kilburn Brothers
1 Stereoscopic photograph by C. Beirdstadt
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Young People's Missionary Movement
1 Stereoscopic photograph by T. W. Ingersoll
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Carl Zeiss
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Paul Wing Jr.
5 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers
1 series of globe diagrams by Underwood & Underwood

Stereographs, Medicine/Medical Conditions

File consists of individual and 2 series of stereographs depicting medical facilities, injuries, diseases, and conditions. Comes with two pamphlets on the Keystone Stereoscopic Views and a cart on how to test for Stereopsis Test

6 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
7 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
2 Stereoscopic photographs by H. C. White Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Baker & Record
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Universal Photo Art Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by A. Gabler
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Realistic Travels
1 Stereoscopic photograph by P. Bercheim
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Griffith & Griffith
1 Stereoscopic photograph by P. G. Warren
2 Stereoscopic photograph by W. B. Tylar
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Young People's Missionary Movement
2 Stereoscopic photographs by T. W. Ingersoll
1 Stereoscopic photograph by John Scheidig & Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by 20th century Photographic Co.
17 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers
2(a & b) series of eye tests produced by Keystone View Co.

Stereographs, Art

File includes stereographs depicting a variety of artworks, including statues, glassware, monuments, the ballet, posters, architecture, and paintings.

12 Stereoscopic photographs by W. England
6 Stereoscopic photographs by London Stereoscopic Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Keystone View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Underwood & Underwood
3 Stereoscopic photographs by H. H. Bennett
2 Stereoscopic photograph by Kilburn Brothers, 1 in association with James M. Davis
2 Stereoscopic photographs by C. E. Goodman
4 Stereoscopic photographs by C. Bierstadt
1 Stereoscopic photograph by E. Vimard
5 Stereoscopic photographs by J. W. & J. S. Moulton
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Griffith & Griffith
1 Stereoscopic photograph by H. C. White Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Webster & Albee
1 Stereoscopic photograph by A. M. Plant
1 Stereoscopic photograph by G. F. Sproule
1 Stereoscopic photograph by A. P. Drew
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Salanson & Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Hancock
1 Stereoscopic photograph by J. F. Jarvis
1 Stereoscopic photograph by B. K.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by E. J. Wardwell & Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Alex Fay
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Joseph L. Bates
1 Stereoscopic photograph by James Cremer
2 Stereoscopic photographs by E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by C. W. Woodward
1 Stereoscopic photograph by J. G. Royce
62 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers
1 series called "Fine Art Series through the Stereoscope" by Underwood & Underwood

Stereographs, Religion (Belief Systems)

File consists of stereographs and stereo sets depicting religious statues, icons, dreams, angels/ghosts, buildings, artwork, and processions. Christianity is predominant focus, also include select Hindu and Shinto images.

8 Stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers, in association with James M. Davis
2 Stereoscopic photographs by C. Bierstadt
8 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
12 Stereoscopic photographs by Littleton View Co.
9 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by J. Elliot
3 Stereoscopic photographs by International Stereoscopic View Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by C. E. Goodman
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Robinson
1 Stereoscopic photograph by American Stereoscopic Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by The Canada View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Thorwalsden
1 Stereoscopic photograph by E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Geo. G. Johnson
2 Stereoscopic photographs by T. W. Ingersoll
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Quaker Oats Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Griffith & Griffith
3 stereoscopic photographs by F. G. Weller
1 stereoscopic photograph by G. Keller
1 stereoscopic photograph by Whiting View Co.
1 stereoscopic photograph by London Stereoscopic and Photographic Company
80 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers
1 series called "Sunday School Lessons 1912" by Underwood & Underwood (Series #1)
1 series called "Sunday School Lessons 1913" by Underwood & Underwood (Series #2)
1 series called "Sunday School Lessons 1914" by Underwood & Underwood (Series #3)
1 series called " Travel Lessons on the Old Testament" by Underwood & Underwood, authored by Rev. Wm. Byron Forbush (Series #4)
1 series called " Travel Lessons on the Life of Jesus" by Underwood & Underwood, authored by Rev. Wm. Byron Forbush (Series #5)

Stereographs, Controversial Series

File consists of stereographs depicting themes that are racist, violent, or otherwise problematic, such as animal abuse, violence against children, and racial caricatures.

10 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
6 Stereoscopic photographs by Littleton View Co
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
6 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

Stereographs, Individual Controversial Stereographs

File consists of stereographs depicting scenes with racist, abusive or otherwise problematic themes, such as racial caricatures, violence towards children and animals, and misogyny.

3 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
5 Stereoscopic photographs by J. F. Jarvis
6 Stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers, in association with James M. Davis
1 Stereoscopic photograph by W. Notman & Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Universal Photo Art Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Arcade View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by F. G. Weller
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Jas. Esson
3 Stereoscopic photographs by T. W. Ingersoll
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Griffith & Griffith
4 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

Transportation/Vehicles

File consists of stereographs depicting interior/exterior scenes from various modes of transportation, including: trains, planes, boats, as well as people and animals traveling over land.

11 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers, 7 in association with James M. Davis
8 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
3 Stereoscopic photographs by C. Bierstadt
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Rose Stereographs
3 Stereoscopic photographs by J. H. Ford
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Canada View Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Alfred S. Campbell
1 Stereoscopic photograph by J. F. Jarvis
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Robinson
1 Stereoscopic photograph by J. G. Parks
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Universal Photo Art Co., in association with C. H. Graves
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Black's
2 Stereoscopic photographs by H. C. White Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by M. E. Wright
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Willian H. Rau
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Burton & Corey
1 Stereoscopic photograph by F. G. Weller
1 Stereoscopic photograph by E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
2 Stereoscopic photographs by Griffith & Griffith
1 Stereoscopic photograph by W. Tylar
1 Stereoscopic photograph by A. W. Schaef
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Universal View Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by T. W. Ingersoll
44 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

Tools/Products(including Food and Furnishings)

File consists of stereographs depicting pieces of equipment, tools, furnishings, food products ie. wells, cords of pulpwood, and spindles of cotton.

4 Stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
3 Stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Rose Stereographs
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Dominion Stereoscopic Co.
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Kilburn Brothers, in association with James M. Davis
1 Stereoscopic photograph by C. W. Woodward
1 Stereoscopic photograph by C. E. Goodman
6 Stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

Stereographs, England & British Territories

File consists of stereographs and stereographic sets depicting various locations, buildings, and monuments in England.

9 stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood.
14 stereoscopic photographs by J.F. Jarvis Publishers.
18 stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
4 stereoscopic photographs by Frank. M. Good.
4 stereoscopic photographs by T.B. Hutton.
2 stereoscopic photographs by H. Sampson.
1 stereoscopic photograph by W. Brooks.
1 stereoscopic photograph by John Latham.
1 stereoscopic photograph by A. Findlow.
9 stereoscopic photographs by Francis A. Bedford.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Ladmore and Son.
2 stereoscopic photographs by The London Stereoscopic and Photographic Co.
4 stereoscopic photographs by The London Stereoscopic Co.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Universal Stereoscopic Co.
8 stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers; 10 stereoscopic photographs in association with James M. Davis
4 stereoscopic photographs by Universal View Co.
20 stereoscopic photographs by F. York.
2 stereoscopic photographs by Alfred S. Campbell.
1 stereoscopic photograph by H. C. White Co.
1 stereoscopic photograph by J. G. Parks.
1 stereoscopic photograph by G. E. Elliot
1 stereoscopic photograph by W. England.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Poulton and Son.
1 stereoscopic photograph by F. Jones.
1 stereoscopic photograph by J. Holroyd.
1 stereoscopic photograph by The Anglo American View Co.
1 stereoscopic photograph by G. W. Wilson.
1 stereoscopic photograph by S. Thompson.
1 stereoscopic photograph by C. R. Lobb.
1 stereoscopic photograph by J. H. Ford.
2 stereoscopic photographs by Griffith & Griffith
1 stereoscopic photograph by L. A. Wiswell
5 stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman
1 Stereoscopic photograph by Webster & Albee
70 stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers.
1 series by Underwood & Underwood
Additional territories and dependencies include: Gibraltar, Isle of Wight, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Bermuda

Stereographs, Italy/Vatican City

File consists of stereographs and stereographic sets depicting various locations, buildings, and monuments in Italy and Vatican City.

22 stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood.
15 stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
6 stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers; 10 stereoscopic photographs in association with James M. Davis.
3 stereoscopic photographs by Universal View Co.
8 stereoscopic photographs by J.F. Jarvis Publishers.
2 stereoscopic photographs by Geo. W. Griffith.
2 stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman Publishers.
1 stereoscopic photograph by L. Suscipj.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Perrin & Griswold.
3 stereoscopic photograph by Giorgio Sommer.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Giorgio Conrad.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Giovanni Brampton Philpot.
1 stereoscopic photograph by M.J. Morse.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Naya.
2 stereoscopic photograph by H. C. White Co.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Littleton View Co.
1 stereoscopic photograph by C.P. Venizia.
1 stereoscopic photograph by E. Nesemann.
1 stereoscopic photograph by The Fine Art Photographer's Publishing Co.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Giacomo Brogi.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Fratelli Alinari.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Felice Crespi.
1 stereoscopic photograph by The London Stereoscopic Co.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Maccilo.
57 stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers
1 series of stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood on Italy(Series #1)
1 series of stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood on Rome(Series #2)

Stereographs, Ireland

File consists of stereographs depicting various locations, buildings, and monuments in Ireland.

15 stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood.
6 stereoscopic photographs by J.F. Jarvis Publishers.
2 stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman Publishers.
8 stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers; 5 stereoscopic photographs in association with James M. Davis.
4 stereoscopic photographs by C. Biersdtat Publishers.
10 stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
1 stereoscopic photograph by The London Stereoscopic Co.
1 stereoscopic photograph by McAllister & Brother.
3 stereoscopic photographs by J. H. Ford.
6 stereoscopic photographs by the Quaker Oats Company
26 stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers.

Stereographs, Scotland

File consists of stereographs and stereographic sets depicting various locations, buildings and monuments in Scotland.

7 stereoscopic photographs by Underwood & Underwood.
3 stereoscopic photographs by C. Biersdtat Publishers.
4 stereoscopic photographs by Strohmeyer & Wyman Publishers.
7 stereoscopic photographs by Keystone View Co.
7 stereoscopic photographs by Kilburn Brothers; 8 stereoscopic photographs in association with James M. Davis.
3 stereoscopic photographs by A. Crowe.
7 stereoscopic photographs by G. W. Wilson.
1 stereoscopic photograph by R. I. Seddons.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Universal View Co.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Berry, Kelley and Chadwick.
2 stereoscopic photographs by J. H. Ford.
1 stereoscopic photograph by James Valentine Dundee
22 stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers
1 series by Underwood & Underwood
1 series by Stereo-Travel Co.

Stereographs, Wales

File consists of stereographs depicting various locations, buildings, and monuments in Wales.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Kilburn Brothers.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Underwood & Underwood.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Keystone View Co.
3 stereoscopic photographs by A. Findlow.
6 stereoscopic photographs by Charles Monk.
5 stereoscopic photographs by Francis A. Bedford.
2 stereoscopic photographs by H. Humphreys.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Goodman Photo.
1 stereoscopic photograph by Manchester Photographic Company
1 stereoscopic photograph by Herbert Ellerby
1 stereoscopic photograph by C. W. Woodward
8 stereoscopic photographs by unidentified publishers

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