Underwood & Underwood

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Underwood & Underwood

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • Underwood and Underwood
  • Underwood, Bert and Elmer

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1882-1940

History

Underwood and Underwood was established in 1882 by Bert and Elmer Underwood in Ottawa, Kansas. Originally they distributed stereographs made by eastern photographers in the Western United States. In 1884, they had expanded their franchise across North America and by 1889 opened offices in Toronto, Ontario, Canada and Liverpool, England. By 1890 Underwood & Underwood began publishing original stereographs taken by Bert Underwood. Underwood & Underwood was considered one of the most successful stereoscope publishers in North America in 1901.Underwood & Underwood began producing 25,000 views per day and 300,000 stereoscopes annually. It is suggested that in the earlier years of the company, Underwood & Underwood used H.C. White Company’s stereoscope model until developing their own. The principle stereoscope design by Underwood & Underwood included aluminum hoods, cardholders, and a folding handle. An easy identifiable feature of Underwood & Underwood stereoscopes is the friction joint built to fold the handle.

In 1910 the firm began specialising in news photography, ultimately stopping production of stereographs in 1920. Between 1912 and 1925 the company would sell the entirety of their glass stereo collection to competitor Keystone View Co.. By 1925 both brothers retired, leading to the reorganization of the company into four independent organisations all staying beneath the title of "Underwood & Underwood." These four branches included Underwood & Underwood Illustration Studios of New York, Chicago and Detroit; Underwood & Underwood Portraits, Inc., New York, Philadelphia and Cleveland; Underwood & Underwood, Washington and Chicago; Underwood & Underwood News Photos, Inc., New York.

Places

Ottawa (Franklin county, Kansas, United States) (inhabited place)
New York City (New York state, United States)

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

H.C. White Co. ([between 1874 and 1915])

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Type of relationship

H.C. White Co. is the provider of Underwood & Underwood

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Young, R.Y. ([between ca. 1890 and ca. 1912])

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Type of relationship

Young, R.Y. is the provider of Underwood & Underwood

Dates of the relationship

[ca.1898]

Description of relationship

Underwood & Underwood published R.Y. Young's negatives

Access points area

Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

The J. Paul Getty Trust. (2004). Gerry Union List of Artist Names Online. The Getty Research Institute. Retrieved from http://www.getty.edu/vow/ULANFullDisplay?find=underwood+%26+underwood&role=&nation=&page=1&subjectid=500033291
The National Museum of American History. Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, 1895-1930. Smithsonian. Retrieved from http://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/object/siris_arc_140271

Wing, Paul (1996) Stereoscopes: The First One Hundred Years. Nashua, New Hampshire: Transition Publishing.

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