Showing 3270 results

Subjects term Scope note Results
history of technology

Use for: Cameras--History, technology, history of

  • Study of the development of technology over time.
<photographs by form> 0
photographs (8)
  • Refers to still images produced from radiation-sensitive materials (sensitive to light, electron beams, or nuclear radiation), generally by means of the chemical action of light on a sensitive film, paper, glass, or metal. Photographs may be positive or negative, opaque or transparent. The concept does not include reproductive prints of documents and technical drawings, for which descriptors found under
  • Refers to various heavier than air aircraft characterized by large-diameter, powered, horizontally rotating wings or blades that can lift the craft vertically and sustain their position in the air.
Helianthus (genus)

Use for: sunflowers (genus), sunflower (genus)

  • Genus of flowering plant native primarily to North and South America. The common sunflower is an annual herb with a rough hairy stem 1–4.5 metres (3–15 feet) high, broad, coarsely toothed, rough leaves 7.5–30 cm (3–12 inches) long, and heads of flowers 7.5–15 cm wide in wild specimens and often 30 cm or more in cultivated types. The disk flowers are brown, yellow, or purple; the ray flowers are yellow. The oval hairy leaves are arranged in spirals. The sunflower plant is valuable from
<components by specific context> (5) 0
building divisions (4)

Use for: building division, divisions, building

  • Collocates descriptors for elements developed originally or primarily as portions of architecture, often adapted to other habitable spaces, such as in large vehicles, and often borrowed or imitated for structural or decorative use on other objects.
Objects Facet (8)
  • The Objects facet encompasses discrete tangible or visual things that are for the most part produced by human endeavor or otherwise fabricated or given form by human activity. Included are built works, images, written documents, and other works, having utilitarian or purely aesthetic purpose. Natural landscapes are included in this facet too.
rooms and spaces (3)
  • Collective term referring to interior areas that are enclosed by walls or defined by other divisions. Always used in the plural.
offices (work spaces)

Use for: office (work space)

Components (hierarchy name) (7)
  • The Components hierarchy contains terms for the constituent parts of objects, including structures, images, and texts. In those instances where a term refers to an element that may sometimes be a component and sometimes stand alone, it is placed with a preferred parent in the most suitable hierarchy. For example,
<rooms and spaces by function> (2)
  • Collective term referring to interior areas that are enclosed by walls or defined by other divisions. Always used in the plural. Collective term referring to interior areas that are enclosed by walls or defined by other divisions. Always used in the plural.
components (objects parts) (6)
  • The Components hierarchy contains terms for the constituent parts of objects, including structures, images, and texts. In those instances where a term refers to an element that may sometimes be a component and sometimes stand alone, it is placed with a preferred parent in the most suitable hierarchy. For example,
<work and instructional spaces> (1) 0
institutions (organizations) (5)

Use for: institution (organization)

  • Formally structured organizations, establishments, or associations created for the promotion of a specific benevolent public or private objective, usually a religious, charitable, or educational objective, such as a church, school, college, hospital, asylum, reformatory, mission, or the like.
financial institutions (institutions) 0
archives (institutions) 0
social institutions 0
<institutions by activity> (2) 0
public institutions 0
organizations (groups)

Use for: organization (group), organisations (groups)

  • Groups of people organized for a purpose, typically characterized by a more or less constant membership, a body of officers or functionaries, and a set of regulations governing their activities and conduct.
educational institutions

Use for: educational institution, institutions, educational

  • Formally structured organizations, establishments, or associations primarily involved with education, which is the imparting of knowledge, attitudes, skills, or socially valued qualities of character or behavior.
schools (institutions)
  • Organizations or establishments that provide instruction.
complexes (buildings and sites) (3)
  • Aggregations of buildings, other structures, and/or open spaces, often multifunctional, and more extensive than single built works, usually shaped over a longer period of time by more participants.
Built Complexes and Districts (hierarchy name) (4)
  • The Built Complexes and Districts hierarchy contains terms for coherent groupings of built works and for parts of settlements. Complexes are defined as aggregations of buildings, other structures, and open spaces, often multifunctional and more extensive, and usually shaped over a longer period of time by more participants than single built works. Districts are defined as delineated or perceived components of settlements that are more extensive and less architectonic than built complexes. These areas are likely to be defined by socio-economic characteristics or topographic features, by a sameness of the built works they encompass, or by administratively created boundaries. Relation to other hierarchies: Terms for public transit systems (e.g.,
Built Environment (hierarchy name) (43)
  • The Built Environment hierarchy includes terms for the built and natural environment, covering constructed works and natural landscapes, forming a continuum from the largest natural landscapes and settled areas to the smallest of individual built works. Relation to other hierarchies: The constituent parts of constructed works, such as doors and walls, that extend the continuum at even smaller scale, are found in the Components hierarchy. Concepts may have multiple parents; therefore, in those instances where a concept may logically appear at more than one level of the continuum (e.g.,
condominiums (built works)

Use for: condominium (built work), condos

  • Buildings or complexes of buildings in which each unit is individually owned and ownership of common areas and facilities is shared.
<single built works by ownership> (1) 0
high-rise buildings (1)

Use for: high-rise building, buildings, high-rise, buildings, high rise, buildings, highrise, high rise buildings, highrise buildings, high-risers, high-rises, highrises, high rises

  • Buildings over nine or ten stories and served by elevators, especially when such buildings stand out in a skyline.
<single built works by form> (4) 0
<single built works by form: height> (3) 0
multistory buildings (2)

Use for: multistory building, buildings, multistory, multi-storey buildings, buildings, multi-storey, buildings, multistoreyed, buildings, multi-storied, multistorey buildings, multi-storied buildings

  • Buildings having multiple floors, usually reserved for buildings having more than two floors and that are not single family dwellings.

Use for: skyscraper, blocks, tower, buildings, high, buildings, tall, high buildings, tall buildings, tower blocks

  • Exceptionally tall buildings of skeletal frame construction.
twentieth century (dates CE)

Use for: century, twentieth (dates CE), 20th century (dates CE) , 20th-century (dates CE), 1900s

  • Century in the proleptic Gregorian calendar including the years 1900 to 1999 (or 1901 to 2000).
<office buildings by form> 0
office buildings (3)

Use for: office building, buildings, office

  • Buildings constructed or used primarily for offices, which are spaces where business, administrative, or professional activities are conducted.
<office buildings by function> (1) 0
administration buildings

Use for: administration building, administrative buildings, administrative office buildings, administrative services buildings, buildings, administration

  • Buildings constructed or used for offices from which the management and other administrative duties of an organization or institution are conducted.
<single built works by specific type> (7) 0
single built works (built environment) (36)
  • Single structures in the built environment.
Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (37)
  • The Single Built Works hierarchy contains terms for freestanding buildings and other structures commonly considered individual built works or architectural types (e.g.,

Use for: acrobat

  • Those trained in or practicing acrobatics.
  • Collecting data, usually in monetary terms, about economic activity, processing those data, and reporting them for the use of interested decision-makers.
business (commercial function) (1)

Use for: commerce, commercial (business functions)

  • Broad area of commercial or mercantile activity involving the exchange of commodities, services, or financial resources.
actors (performing artists)

Use for: actor (performing artist), actresses (performing artists) , actress (performing artist)

  • Persons who use movement, gesture, facial expressions, speaking, and intonation to create a fictional character for the stage, motion pictures, or television.
performing artists (2)
  • People who practice the performing arts, such as such as singers, actors, dancers, acrobats, magicians, circus performers, comedians, etc. For persons who make performance art, considered a fine art and often seen in a museum, see
tracing (technique) (transferring techniques, <transferring and transferring techniques>, ... Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name))

Use for: traced

  • Copying from an original by drawing over it onto a transparent or translucent piece of paper, cloth, or other material.
<transferring and transferring techniques> (<processes and techniques by specific type>, Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)) (2) 0
transferring techniques (<transferring and transferring techniques>, <processes and techniques by specific type>, Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name))
  • Techniques where images or designs are transferred from one material to another.
<processes and techniques by specific type> (Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)) (3) 0
Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name) (4)
  • The Processes and Techniques hierarchy contains terms for actions and methods performed physically on or with materials and objects, and for processes occurring in materials and objects. Included are types of process or technique pertaining to the production and handling of objects or images (e.g.,
Iglulik 0
Western Arctic Inuit 0
Arctic Native American Styles (10)
  • Styles belonging to Arctic Native American cultures.
Copper Inuit 0
Ungava 0
Native North American Styles (11)

Use for: styles, Native North American , Native North American style

  • Styles belonging to Native North American cultures.
Inuit (Canadian Arctic Native style) (8)

Use for: Canadian Eskimo , Eskimo, Canadian

Baffin Island Inuit 0
Caribou Inuit 0
Nesilik Inuit 0
Canadian Arctic Native styles (9)

Use for: Canadian Arctic Native style , styles, Canadian Arctic Native

  • Styles belonging to Canadian Arctic Native cultures.
Labrador Inuit 0
Americas, The (12) 0
<styles, periods, and cultures by region> (24) 0
Asian 0
Islamic World, The 0
Antarctic 0
Indo-European (culture) 0
Pacific (regional reference) 0
Afro-Asiatic (style) 0
European 0
Oceanic 0
African (general, continental cultures) 0
Early Western World 0
Middle Eastern 0
Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (28)
  • The Styles and Periods hierarchy contains the names of art and architecture styles, historical periods, art movements, nationalities, and cultures (e.g.,
<styles, periods, and cultures by association> 0
<generic styles, periods, and cultures> 0
<styles, periods, and cultures by era> 0
research libraries (buildings)

Use for: research library (building) , libraries, research (buildings)

  • Buildings or spaces housing libraries consisting of specialized documents, and providing facilities for undertaking exhaustive investigation and research.
special libraries (buildings) (1)

Use for: special library (building), libraries, special (buildings)

  • Buildings housing privately owned libraries established to meet the needs of the members or staff of the owning institution.
public libraries (buildings)

Use for: public library (building), libraries, public (buildings)

  • Buildings or spaces housing collections of books that are available to the public and typically maintained by public funds, as distinguished from libraries available only to a certain group or individual.
academic libraries (buildings)

Use for: academic library (building), libraries, academic (buildings)

  • Buildings housing libraries that serve an academic institution.
libraries (buildings) (4)

Use for: library (building), ibrary architecture, bibliothecae (buildings), library buildings

  • Buildings set apart to contain books for reading, study, or reference, typically with shelves containing books and tables and seating for users of the library.
indigenous people

Use for: indigenous person, indigenous peoples , aboriginal peoples, indigenous populations , native peoples, aborigines

  • The original, or earliest known, inhabitants of a colony or country.
Underwater photography

Use for: photography, submarine, photography, underwater, submarine photography

  • Refers to the activity of taking photographs while below the surface of water, often occuring in tandem with activities such as scuba diving, snorkeling, swimming, or from a submersible or remotely operated underwater vehicle. Either waterproof cameras or dry work cameras stored in waterproof housings are used to produce underwater photography.
Kirlian photography
  • A process to record the surface conduction characteristics of an object or material by placing it on photographic film, which is then exposed by the blue and ultraviolet light of a corona generated by a high-voltage, high-frequency power.
commercial portraiture

Use for: portrait photography, portraiture, commercial, professional portrait photography, studio portraiture

photography (process) (1)

Use for: photographic

  • The art or process of making photographs, which are pictures produced by means of the chemical action of light on a sensitive film, glass, paper, metal, or by digital means.
stereoscopic photography

Use for: stereography (picture-taking technique), photography, stereoscopic , stereophotography

  • Refers to techniques used to produce the appearance of three-dimensionality in photographs by using two images made at slightly different positions, mounting them side by side, and viewing the pair through a stereoscope or other device. This type of photography was extremely popular in the Victorian period. The process was described in 1832, but the techniques were perfected only after 1856, when a twin-lens camera was designed to take two pictures of the same scene simultaneously. The viewpoints of the photographs were 2 1/2 inches apart, which is approximately the normal distance between human eyes.
picture-taking techniques (8)

Use for: techniques, picture-taking , picture-taking technique

multiple exposure 0
high-speed photography (still photography) 0
chronophotography 0
telephotography 0
colour photography

Use for: chromophotography

  • Generally, the art or practice of taking and/or processing photographs that reproduce hues perceptible to the human eye. Extended to include imagery in which colors have been artificially enhanced or altered.
black-and-white photography

Use for: black and white photography , photography, black-and-white

  • The art or practice of taking and/or processing photographs whose images are composed of gray tones, black, and white, and sometimes one hue, which may result from toning or aging.
photographic techniques (11)

Use for: photography technique, photography techniques

  • Use with regard to specialized procedures related to how a photograph is taken or composed, or is manipulated during or after processing. Use
flash photography

Use for: photography, flash, electronic flash photography

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