Item 2005.006.14.45 - Polaroid Automatic Land Camera 420

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Polaroid Automatic Land Camera 420

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  • [1971-1977] (Manufacturing)
    Polaroid Corporation

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1 piece of photographic equipment : camera

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Item is one of 1.3 million Polaroid Land cameras manufactured between 1971 and 1977 in the United States. The 420 camera is the successor to Polaroid's 320 model. It features folding bellows, automatic exposure and an external light meter beside the lens, marketed as the "Electric Eye". The Polaroid Automatic Land Camera 420 was designed for 7.2 × 9.5 cm prints on Polaroid 100-series packfilm. The camera features a two-window split system for framing the photograph, whereby the user must first focus using the small rangefinder on the top left of the camera marked "FOCUS", and then frame the photograph using the non-parallax corrected finder with marked frame-lines marked "VIEW". Control over the exposure could be achieved by adjusting the exposure value +2 to -1.5 stops below the plastic 114mm f/8.8 2-element lens. A PC input is included for optional flash. The camera automatically selects both shutter speed and aperture, which range from 1/1200sec to 10sec for shutter speed; and f8 to f42 for aperture. The Polaroid 420 model originally sold for around $60. Included with the item in the collection is the Polaroid Focused Flash and Polaroid Self-Timer.

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Donated to Ryerson University Library and Archives by the estate of Robert S. York.


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