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Heritage Camera Collection Wilfrid Laurier University image making equipment
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Early cameras

This series consists of original and duplicate early cameras from the beginning of the history of photography. Based on the basic design of the camera obscura and produced between about 1820 and 1870, these simple devices were usually solid or sliding box cameras with uncomplicated lenses. The shutter was normally outside of the lens, in the form of a lens cap that was simple removed and replaced for exposure, or a rotating metal plate on the front of the lens, which held the aperture. These cameras mainly predated dry plate and flexible film photography, and were used to take Daguerreotype, wet-plate and salted paper photographs.

To browse the individual items in this series, click on the "View the list" link under the "File and item records are available for this series" title (to the right of the page).

Ihagee Rulex camera

Item is an early folding plate camera with a Rulex triple anastigmat F13, 1:4 lens and an unmarked compound shutter. Includes both a brilliant viewfinder and optical direct finder.

Brownie Target SIX-20

For 2 1/2 x 3 1/2 in. exposure on 620 film Acromatic lens, 2 aperture settings, rotary shutter. Metal and leatherette case. Case will not separate to open camera.

No. 2C Brownie camera

Item is a fairly large box camera, for 6 7.5 x 12.7 cm (3 x 5") exposures on Kodak 130 film. Simple lens and rotary shutter.

No. 2 Cartridge Hawkeye Model C

Item is a leatherette covered box camera for exposures on 120 film. Originally designed and produced by the Boston Camera Company, Hawk-Eye camera production changed hands twice, once in 1890 when sold to the Blair Camera Company, then again in 1907, when Eastman Kodak purchased the company. Simple lens and rotary shutter.

Kodak Brownie 127

Item is an eye-level box camera with Bakelite body and rounded edges. Lens is a Meniscus f 14, 65mm and the shutter is single speed, 1/50th.

Kodak Pony 828

Item is a small, Bakelite camera for 8 exposures on 828 format roll film (developed by Kodak in 1935 and similar in size to 135 film, without sprocket holes). The camera features a simple viewfinder, 51mm f 4.5 lens and a 4 speed Flash 200 shutter.

Kodak Duaflex II

Item is a mock twin lens reflex camera with Bakelite body and metal fittings, for use with 620 roll film. Designed to mimic the look of a twin lens camera, the topmost "lens" is in fact a brilliant viewfinder; it is a simple box camera design. The f8 lens has a 3 aperture settings.

Argus 264 Instant Load

Item is an instant load 126 cartridge film camera with an 44 mm Argus Cintar lens. The camera features fixes shutter speed, auto exposure using a selenium cell and has a flashcube socket, tripod socket, and automatic film speed sensing.

Baby Hawkeye

Item is a small box camera for 4 x 6.5 cm (1.57" x 2.55") exposures on 127 format roll film. Manufactured in England circa 1936, the camera is an all-metal box with a unidentified lens and a simple Kodak shutter. It has a simple wire viewfinder.

Voigtlander Brilliant

Item is a mock twin lens reflex camera with Bakelite body and metal fittings, for use with 120 roll film. Designed to mimic the look of a twin lens camera, the topmost "lens" is in fact a brilliant viewfinder used only to frame the view and not to focus.

No. 3 Brownie camera, model B

Item is a wooden box camera with leatherette covering for large 8.25 x 10.8 cm (3.25 x 4.25") exposures on 124 film. The design is simple, with a fixed focus and shutter speed. The roll film was advanced past the lens manually with a small crank. The original sales price was $4.00.

Ansco Shur-Flash

Item is an inexpensive box camera made of fiberboard and covered with imitation leather. The camera has a Gallileo-type viewfinder only (no brilliant viewfinder), flash contacts, and a single speed shutter that is fast enough to accommodate bulb flashes. It used 120 size roll film.

Anscoflex

Item is an all-metal camera designed by Raymond Loewy for 6 x 6 cm (2.36" x 2.36") exposures on 620 film. Designed to mimic the look of a twin lens camera, the topmost "lens" is in fact a brilliant viewfinder, it is a simple box camera design with a two element Meniscus F11 lens and fixed 1/60th shutter speed. The front panel slides up to reveal the lens and viewfinder.

No. 2A Antar

Item is a simple, wooden box camera with leatherette covering and brass trim, for use with 116 roll film (or D6 and D12 Agfa film).

Kodak Tele disc

Item is a simple to use camera for use with the proprietary "Disc" film format. Kodak introduced the 15 exposure cartridges in 1982, while they were popular when first introduced, the small negatives 911 x 8 mm) often resulted in poor quality prints and the format soon lost its popularity.

Hanimex 110 LF tele

Item is marked with the Hanimex brand, though the camera was manufactured by the Vivitar Corporation. It is a 110 format camera with a built-in flash powered by two AA batteries. It has a fixed focus. The photographer can select either a normal or telephoto lens, by using a slide switch on top of the camera.

Minolta 16MG

Item is a subminiature camera from the Minolta series, with detachable dedicated electronic flash, carrying case, presentation case, strap. Many accessories were aviailable for this model, including a slide projector, enlarger, and laboratory equipment.

Minolta 16II Kit

Item is a silver subminiature camera, for 10 x 14 mm exposures on 16mm film. In original box, includes Minolta brand colour print film, camera case, strap and tripod mount.

Fed CTEPEO stereo camera

Item is a 35mm stereo camera with CdS metering. Manual or automatic exposure. 24 x 29mm images. Industar-81 F2.8/38mm lenses. Comes with leather pouch, sun shades, small parts, and hard plastic case.

Action Tracker ADI

Item is a small, plastic novelty camera that shoots four consecutive photos on one frame of 35 mm film. The rotating shutter exposes them in sequence, at intervals of about 0.22 sec.The result is four images on a single negative that show the movement of a subject in phases. The process uses the same concepts as the stop-motion animation used by Eadweard Muybridge in his Animal Locomotion series of the late 1800's. The camera is a very simple design and has no focusing or aperture control and a simple sports style viewfinder. The shutters are fixed at 1/100 of a second.

Nishika N8000

Item is a four-lens, three-dimensional camera, originally developed by the Nimslo company, the Nishika copies were created after Nimslo was taken over by Nishika in 1989. The camera has a plastic body and 4 identical lenses, a fixed 1/60th shutter that exposes the four square images in synch. When exposed, the 35mm film had to be sent to specialty labs equipped for autostereo (lenticular) colour printing, which produced a true stereo image without the use of glasses. This process was also developed by Nims and Lo, of the original company.

Praktica FX3

Item is an 35mm reflex camera with a waist-level viewfinder and a non auto-return mirror. Manufactured in Soviet controlled East Germany, the company and the Desden factory closed after reunification. The lens is a Meyer Gorlitz Domiplan 1:2.8/50mm.

Rolleiflex Grey Baby

Item is a knob-advance twin lens reflex camera for 4 x 4 cm exposures on 127 format film. More compact than other twin lens reflex cameras, with a smaller negatives, the Grey Body has a Xenar f3.5 lens with a Syncrho compur shutter. The camera comes in a gray leather case and is equipped with an ultra violet Waltz filter and a lens hood.

Argoflex EF

Item is a metal twin lens reflex camera for 2 1/4" x 2 1/4" exposures on 620 format roll film. Coupled front lens focusing.

Nikkormat EL

Item is a 35 mm camera with a 4 second - 1/1000th of a second vertical shutter and interchangeable lenses with aperture priority auto-exposure. Attached lens is a 1:3.2 18mm accura/sigma.

Nippon Kogaku K.

Konica 1

Item is a 35mm camera stamped "Made in Occupied Japan", which began a long history of Konica cameras made for export. The shutter was mounted on the top of a fixed tube.

Konishiroku Photo Ind, Co., Ltd.

Exakta VXIIa

Item is a 35mm camera, the first with interchangeable bayonet-mount lenses. This one has a Carl Zeiss Jena Biotar 2/58 lens (serial A# 5545070).

Konica Autoreflex T

Item is the first Japanese 35mm SLR camera. The "T" model has automatic TTL shutter-priority metering. It has a Konica Hexanon 1:4 f=21mm lens, serial #7028597, and also includes a Konica Hexanon 1:2.8 100mm lens serial #7230688.

Konishiroku Photo Ind, Co., Ltd.

Contax 137 MA Quartz

Item is a 35mm camera with a built in electric 3 frames per second motor winder powered by four AA batteries that also run the metering and shutter timing. The camera has modes for aperture priority and manual.

Olympus OM-2 camera

Item is a 35mm camera, similar to the Olympus OM-1 MD, but fully automatic aperture-priority metering. World's first camera with OTF (off-the-film) metering. Chrome. Item comes with 2 manuals.

Olympus Optical Company Limited

Kiev-4

Item is a 35 mm rangefinder camera with a smaller and more sensitive exposure meter than the Kiev-3 and 3A. This was an imitation of the CONTAX II, it was built after the original tools had been removed from the Zeiss factory at Jena. The lens is a Jupiter-8M, f=2/50mm.

Kiev

Ansco Memo

Item is a leather covered wooden box camera. The Ansco Memo is a single frame, fixed focus which takes landscape oriented images. Film is advanced by pushing down on a lever in the back of the camera. While not the first American camera made for 35mm film, it is the first to sell in abundant quantities.

Agfamatic II

Item is a 35 mm rangefinder camera manufactured in Munich, Germany. Exposure indicator in the viewfinder shows a green light for correct exposure and a red light for underexposed scenes.

Zeiss Ikon Tenax I

Item is a simple camera for 50 exposures ( 24x24mm ) on regular 35mm film . It was built 1939 t0 1941, the low serial No indicates a small production of this camera , possibly because of the war.
The foldable lever transported the film and cocked the Compur shutter.
The lens is a non exchangeable Zeiss Novar Anastigmat 1:3.5 with a focal length of 35mm. The Viewfinder is a simple Newton finder , it is folded onto the body Focusing by front lens in a simple helical mounting.

Contax 137 MA Quartz

Item is an automatic exposure single-lens reflex 35mm camera. Metering is center-weighted and aperture priority.

Polaroid Land camera, Model 95 B (Speedliner)

Brown leatherette folding camera, single-speed shutter Double Anastigmatic f11/135 mm., revolving diaphram for 8 stops. Produced 3 1/4 x 4 1/4 in. exposures in approximately 1 minute using Polaroid 40 roll film. Originally retailed for $95 US.

Polaroid One Step

Item is an updated version of the original One Step. Typical consumer Polaroid - Black plastic body with flash - uses 600 film with built-in electronic flash

Pentax Espio 90MC

Item is a 35 mm automatic camera with zoom and digital display. has red eye feature, timer, flash and remote function has a switch to toggle from panoramic to regular film size.

Asahi Optical Co., Ltd.

Polavision Land Camera

This is a battery driven Super 8 instant movie camera. It took special super 8 film in a Polaroid cartidge that held about 42 minutes. The lens in a Polaroid F1.8/12.5 - 24mm manual zoom lens. It has two flood lights attached - Polavision TWI light.

Video cameras

Series contains hand-held, shoulder-mounted, or structurally-attached cameras that use electronic components to record moving images and sound. Most items in this series are for home use. For cameras that record moving images using digital components, see the Digital and Pre-digital cameras series.

To browse the individual items in this series, click on the "View the list" link under the "File and item records are available for this series" title (to the right of the page).

Weisblatt, Betty