Title and statement of responsibility area
In-camera processing (instant) cameras
General material designation
Other title information
Title statements of responsibility
- Attributions and conjectures: Series title based on style of content.
Level of description
Edition statement of responsibility
Class of material specific details area
Statement of scale (cartographic)
Statement of projection (cartographic)
Statement of coordinates (cartographic)
Statement of scale (architectural)
Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
[between 1948 and 2000] (Manufacturing)
Physical description area
48 pieces of photographic equipment : cameras
Publisher's series area
Title proper of publisher's series
Parallel titles of publisher's series
Other title information of publisher's series
Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series
Numbering within publisher's series
Note on publisher's series
Archival description area
Scope and content
Series consists of cameras that combine exposure and development in one step to create photographs instantaneously.
While Polaroid is by far the most well known of these cameras, the first patent for instant photography was for the Dubroni, a French wet plate camera, designed so that the glass plate could be sensitized and developed by pouring the chemicals over the plate through a tube in the camera. Later cameras were developed so small tintypes (1895) and direct paper positives (1913) could be made quickly for tourists on busy streets.
But it was the Polaroid Corporation that made instant photography a household item, beginning in 1937 when Edwin Land's young daughter's desire to see her photograph immediately, inspired him to develop the Polaroid's first instant camera: the Land Camera.
The Heritage Collection also contains Kodak Instant Cameras; produced in the late 1970's, they spawned a patent infringement lawsuit from the Polaroid corporation that resulted in the recall all of instant Kodak models sold and the discontinuation of their production.
To browse the individual items in this series, click on the "View the list" link under the "File and item records are available for this series" title (to the right of the page).
Source: <a href="http://www.shutterbug.com/content/it%E2%80%99s-instant%E2%80%94-it%E2%80%99s-not-polaroid-pre-and-post-polaroids-1864-1976">Wade, John. "It's Instant - But It's Not Polaroid: Pre- And-PostPolaroids, From 1864 to 1976." Shutterbug : Published May 1, 2012.</a>
Immediate source of acquisition
Items in this series were donated to the Ryerson University Library and Archives Special Collections department from several different sources:
Cameras from the Harold and Carole Tanenbaum collection donated by the Tanenbaums in 2016.
Cameras from the Robert S. York collection donated by his estate in 2015.
Cameras from the PPCM collection donated by Ryerson Image Arts department in 2013.
Cameras from the Wilhelm E. Nassau collections donated by Mr. Nassau in 2015 and Wilfrid Laurier University in 2011.
Cameras from the Erika Constantin collection donated by Ms. Constantin in 2009.
Cameras from the Betty Weisblatt collection donated by Ms. Weisblatt in 2007.
Cameras from the Irving G. Rumney collection donated by Avril Rumeny in 2007.
Items in this series were donated to the Ryerson University Library and Archives from several different sources and arranged in the Camera Collection by type.
Language of material
Script of material
Location of originals
Availability of other formats
Restrictions on access
Open. Records are available for consultation without restriction.
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
Further accruals are expected.
Standard number area
Subject access points
- image making equipment » Photographic equipment
- History of technology
- image making equipment » Photographic equipment » Cameras (photographic equipment) » Instant cameras
- Polaroid Corporation
- <photography and photographic processes and techniques> » Photographic processes » Diffusion transfer process